A Brief Introduction

Juvenile law in Texas is a complex and distinct area of the legal system that focuses on the rights and responsibilities of minors involved in criminal matters. Understanding the intricacies of juvenile law is essential for both young individuals and their families who may find themselves facing legal issues. In this blog post, we will provide a comprehensive guide to juvenile law in Texas, shedding light on the key aspects, rights, and considerations.

The David Smith Law Firm, PLLC provides competent legal representation to all our clients. David Smith is an experienced trial attorney who is Board Certified, Criminal Law — Texas Board of Legal Specialization. The David Smith Law Firm, PLLC prides itself on principled, criminal law expertise coupled with zealous representation fighting for success for you. David Smith has extensive* knowledge of the juvenile laws specific to Brazoria County and Harris County, Texas.  *David Smith is not Board Certified in Juvenile Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization.

As a resident of Texas, it is important to know about the juvenile laws in Texas.

1. Understanding the Juvenile Justice System in Texas

The juvenile justice system in Texas is designed to address the unique needs and circumstances of young individuals who commit offenses. Unlike the adult criminal justice system, the focus is primarily on rehabilitation rather than punishment. Some key points to remember include:

– Age of Criminal Responsibility: In Texas, a child is considered criminally responsible for their actions starting at the age of 10.  A “child” is considered an adult when they reach the age of 17 in Texas and are subject to adult criminal laws and ramifications.

– Types of Offenses: Juvenile offenses in Texas are categorized into three main types: Delinquent Conduct, Conduct Indicating a Need for Supervision (CINS), and Status Offenses.

– Juvenile Courts: Juvenile cases are typically handled in specialized juvenile courts, emphasizing rehabilitation and intervention.  Sometimes county court at law judges, like in Brazoria County, sit also as juvenile courts.

2. Rights of Juveniles in Texas

Juveniles in Texas have certain rights that protect them during the legal process. These rights include:

– Right to an Attorney: Just like adults, juveniles have the right to legal representation. An attorney experienced in juvenile law can be instrumental in navigating the legal system.

– Right to Remain Silent: Juveniles have the right to remain silent and cannot be compelled to incriminate themselves.

– Right to Due Process: The juvenile justice system must adhere to principles of due process, ensuring a fair and impartial legal process.

– Right to a Trial: Juveniles have the right to a trial, and in some cases, they may choose to have a jury trial.

3. Juvenile Diversion Programs

Texas offers a variety of diversion programs aimed at rehabilitating juveniles without resorting to formal court proceedings. These programs can include counseling, community service, and educational initiatives designed to address the root causes of delinquent behavior.

4. Transfer to Adult Court–“Certification”

In certain cases, a juvenile may face transfer to adult court, typically for more severe offenses or repeat offenses. This process is complex and may vary based on the specific circumstances of the case.  The child is certified by the juvenile court to be transferred over to adult court.

5. Sealing Juvenile Records

Texas law provides mechanisms for sealing juvenile records to protect the future prospects of young individuals who have committed offenses. Record sealing can help ensure that these past mistakes do not hinder their educational or employment opportunities.

6. Consulting with a Defense Attorney

When a juvenile faces legal issues in Texas, it is essential to consult with an experienced attorney who understands the nuances of the juvenile justice system. An attorney can provide guidance, protect the juvenile’s rights, and work towards the best possible outcome.


Juvenile law in Texas is a specialized area that demands careful attention to detail and a thorough understanding of the unique needs of young individuals in the legal system. If you or your child is involved in a juvenile case in Texas, seeking legal representation from an experienced attorney is crucial to help you navigate juvenile law challenges. With the right guidance, it is possible to navigate the system, protect rights, and strive for a positive outcome that focuses on rehabilitation and a brighter future for the juvenile involved.